Eligibility for 3 CFU – ECTS

First, in order to qualify for this option, you must have attended and signed in at least 4 out of the 6 seminars. Hereby, you can find how to obtain the 3 CFU-ECTS:

The object is the composition of an essay, which will build upon one of the topics discussed during the seminars. Each seminar’s page on the website contains references and further materials for the essay will be given. If you had something different in mind, it is possible to contact us and to propose other options.

The essay must be 3000 words long (plus or minus 10%) bibliography excluded. After positive evaluation of the essay, you will need to ask for the recognition of the 3 credits, which will go under the category “Exams open to Student’s choice”.


There is no specific deadline for preparing and submitting the essay, it will depend on the professor involved. It will not be allowed more than two students per professor.

If you have any question, please do not hesitate to contact us personally.